Thursday, December 15, 2011

Monitoring the Future 2010 Survey Results for Inhalant Abuse



Yesterday, Monitoring the Future released the results of its 2010 study. Within the report, there are a number of interesting findings regarding inhalant abuse:

Page 80: “Trends in LIFETIME use for 8th, 10th, 12th grade, college students & young adults” 8th grade numbers are significantly lower than previous years- and the lowest rate since 1991
8th grade: 14.5%
10th grade: 12%
12th grade: 9%
college students: 5.5%
young adults: 7.9%

Page 87: “Trends in ANNUAL use for 8th, 10th, 12th grades and college students & young adults” 8th and 10th grade show a decrease while 12th, college students and young adults show an increase from 2009-2010.
8th grade: 8.1%
10th grade: 5.7%
12th grade: 3.6%
college students: 1.7%
young adults: 1.2%

Page 93: “Trends in 30-Day use for 8th, 10th, 12th grades and college students & young adults” 8th and 10th grade show the lowest use rates to date while 12th, college, and young adults show a slight increase from last year
8th grade: 3.6%
10th grade: 2.0%
12th grade: 1.4%
college students: 0.5%
young adults: 0.1%

Page 120 explains this in further detail:



  • Inhalants are showing the second highest lifetime prevalence rate among 8th graders (15%), the second highest among 10th graders (12%), and the fourth highest among 12th graders (9%) of any illicit drug.

  • In terms of any use in the past 30 days (current use), inhalants rank lower for all grade levels because many who had used them at a younger age have discontinued use, thus making inhalants the only class of substances for which active use declines with age during
    adolescence. Put another way, it is the only class of drugs for which the youngest
    respondents report the highest rates of use.


Page 154: “LIFETIME Prevalence of Use for 8th, 10th, 12th grades”
Gender:
Male: 8th (12.4%) 10th (10.9%) and 12th (10.5%)
Female: 8th (16.3%), 10th (13.2%) and 12th (7.7%)

Regions:
8th grade use: highest in the south (15.2%), lowest in the northeast/Midwest (13.7%)
10th grade use: highest in the west (13.9%), lowest in the northeast (9.8%)
12th grade use: highest in the west (11.1%), lowest in the northeast (7.7%)

Race/Ethnicity:
White: 8th grade (13.9%), 10th grade (11.5%) 12th grade (9.4%)
African American: 8th grade (12%), 10th grade (8.4%) 12th grade (5.4%)
Hispanic: 8th grade (18.3%), 10th grade (15.5%) 12th grade (10.5%)

Page 159: “ANNUAL Prevalence of Use for 8th, 10th, 12th grades
Gender:
Male: 8th (6.4%) 10th (5%) and 12th (4.7%)
Female: 8th (9.5%), 10th (6.3%) and 12th (2.5%)

Regions:
8th grade use: highest in the west/south (8.3%), lowest in the northeast (7.4%)
10th grade use: highest in the west (6.3%) lowest in the northeast (4.9%)
12th grade use: highest in the midwest (3.9%), lowest in the northeast (3.4%)

Race/Ethnicity:
White: 8th grade (8%), 10th grade (5.7%) 12th grade (3.8%)
African American: 8th grade (5.5%), 10th grade (3.1%) 12th grade (2%)
Hispanic: 8th grade (10.7%), 10th grade (7.5%) 12th grade (3.6%)

Page 159: “30 Day Prevalence of Use for 8th, 10th, 12th grades”
Gender:
Male: 8th (2.8%) 10th (1.6%) and 12th (2.1%)
Female: 8th (4.4%), 10th (2.4%) and 12th (0.7%)

Regions:
8th grade use: highest in the west (3.9%), lowest in the midwest (3.1%)
10th grade use: highest in the midwest (2%) lowest in the northeast (1.6%)
12th grade use: highest in the midwest (1.7%), lowest in the south/west (1.2%)

Race/Ethnicity:
White: 8th grade (3.4%), 10th grade (1.8%) 12th grade (1.1%)
African American: 8th grade (2.8%), 10th grade (1.5%) 12th grade (1.3%)
Hispanic: 8th grade (5.4%), 10th grade (2.9%) 12th grade (1.4%)

Figure 4-3 on Page 174 “ Lifetime Users Who Did Not Use in Last 12 Months” provides a good visual of inhalants compared to other substances


Tables 5-1 through 5-4 on pages 239-244 provide a good comparative analysis of Lifetime, Annual, 30 day and daily use of inhalants for 12th grades from the early 1990s through 2010.

Tables 5-5a through 5-5c on pages 245-255 provide a good comparative analysis of Lifetime, Annual, and 30 day use of inhalants for 8th, 10th, and 12th grades from the early 1990s through 2010.

Page 316:
• “Alcohol and tobacco are most likely to have been initiated at an early age, with inhalants coming next and then marijuana.”
• “Inhalant use tends to occur early, as well; peak initiation rates generally occur in grades 6 through 10. Indeed, among 8th-grade respondents in 2010, 4.5%—nearly 1 in 20—had already tried inhalants by the end of 5th grade.

Page 317:
Of all 12th graders who reported prior use of a drug, the proportion reporting their initial use of
that drug by the end of grade 9 is presented here. This listing is a good indicator of the order of
grade-level of initiation:
crack (63%)
cigarettes (60%)
alcohol (55%)
inhalants (54%)
sedatives (barbiturates) (52%)
marijuana (48%)
daily cigarette smoking (48%)
cocaine (47%)
smokeless tobacco (46%)
cocaine powder (45%)
tranquilizers (45%)
been drunk (43%)
narcotics other than heroin (39%)

Page 327: Table 6-1 “Use of Various Drugs by Grade for 8th Graders, 2010” includes the grade at which inhalants were first used:
Never used: 85.5%
4th or below: 2.5%
5th: 2.0%
6th : 3.2%
7th: 3.9%
8th:2.8%

Page 328: Table 6-2 “Use of Various Drugs by Grade for 10th Graders, 2010” includes the grade at which inhalants were first used:
Never used: 88%
4th or below: 1.4%
5th: 1.1%
6th : 1.6%
7th: 2.1%
8th:2.3%
9th: 2.3%
10th: 1.3%

Page 329: Table 6-3 “Use of Various Drugs by Grade for 12th Graders, 2010” includes the grade at which inhalants were first used:
Never used: 91%
6th or below: 1.2%
7th – 8th: 2.2%
9th : 1.5%
10th: 2.0%
11th:1.3%
12th: 0.8%

Tables 9-3 through 9-4 includes some interesting points regarding 8th, 10th and 12th grad friend’s use of inhalants (page 468-471)

Page 550: “Inhalant use did not differ significantly between students and dropouts”


Additional charts on inhalant abuse follow below:




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